Featured

Do human factors matter in medical devices?

The FDA has placed significant emphasis on the role of Human Factors in the approval of devices used for medical purposes. There are several current guidance documents and new proposed Draft Guidance documents. This seminar will compare these Guidance documents

Do human factors matter in medical devices1

Is there a relationship between medical devices and human factors? This is a question that is seriously worth exploring. According to the ANSI/AAMI HE75:2009 document, human factors is an endeavor for optimizing the production of devices, systems, and many others concerned with them through the use of emotional, intellectual, physical and sensory forms of human knowledge. Both the ways in which these elements are used to enhance production, as well as the limitations inherent into them are factored in. In essence; human factors deal with how humans and devices or machines interact with each other.

Since human factors places the human mind at the center; design and aesthetics play a very prominent role in this discipline. Being an important element of user interface; human factors and user interface have risen in prominence after the explosion of the field of IT. It however, can be put into use in several other areas. The user being the fulcrum of any area of production; human factors has the potential to be a major factor in creating and shaping user interface for a range of products.

Use in medical devices

Do human factors matter in medical devices

How about the area of medical devices? We have seen that user interface and aesthetics are core ingredients of human factors. Are these the major determinants for the field of medical devices? Yes and no. Yes, because the user is of critical importance in medical devices. A wrong instruction or wrong usage can severely compromise the use of medical devices and can go the extent of even causing harm to the user.

No, because when it comes to another equally important element of human factors, namely aesthetics, the interplay between medical devices and human factors may not appear so pronounced. Yet, while role of aesthetics may not be all that critical to medical devices; there is a related aspect, and that is design.

The role of design is very prominent when it comes to the user interface of medical devices since medical devices have to be designed to absolutely precise specifications. Even small deviations or variations can result in harm to humans. Both the patient and the organization manufacturing the devices need to face consequences as a result of these.

As far as medical devices are concerned, the FDA is tasked with regulating them for ensuring their safety and effectiveness. The incorporation of the principles of human factors into medical devices ensures that the product meets specification, design and quality standards and thus becomes faster and less expensive to market. It is because of these factors that human factors are becoming part of the design and development, as well as of the supplementary aspects of medical devices, such as Instructions for Use, labeling and even training.

FDA’s regulations on human factors in medical devices

FDA_s regulations on human factors in medical devices

Under 21 CFR 820.30; the FDA emphasizes that human factors need to be taken into consideration for the following:

  • Design input: To ensure that the needs of the patient and any others who may use the product are taken into consideration

 

  • Design verification: To make sure that the criteria for performance set for the medical are being consistently met, and

 

  • Design validation: To safeguard that the device conform to predefined user needs as well as intended uses, and to also sure that testing is carried out to ensure this function. Software validation and risk analysis are part of this testing.

The FDA has also been placing emphasis on human factors in medical devices in many guidance documents and a number of upcoming Draft Guidance documents.

Full learning on human factors in medical devices

A seminar that is being organized by GlobalCompliancePanel, a leading provider of professional trainings for the areas of regulatory compliance will offer complete learning on human factors in medical devices.

Virginia A. Lang, Principal and Founder HirLan, Inc. and HirLan International SA, will be the Director of this seminar. To gain knowledge of how human factors related to medical devices, please register for this seminar by visiting Do human factors matter in medical devices? This course has been pre-approved by RAPS as eligible for up to 12 credits towards a participant’s RAC recertification upon full completion.

A complete explanation of regulations and uses of human factors in medical devices

The core aim of this seminar is to familiarize participants with the way in which human factors can be applied into medical devices. Towards covering this, she will explain all the current and upcoming human factors requirements, using which, participants will learn how to keep costs under control and reduce the time for the manufacture and marketing of their products.

Virginia will cover the following areas at this seminar:

  • Overview of Human Factors and the FDA perspective
  • Human Factors Methods and Device Product Life Cycle
  • Human Factors and Risk Analysis & Management
  • Human Factors: What Devices Require Human Factors Evaluation and Validation?
  • Human Factors and Combination Products
  • Human Factors and Combination Products Submitted in an ANDA.

 

 

 

Featured

Knowledge of employment laws is absolutely crucial for organizations

support for protection of the domestic workforce will mean to employment laws

As the new presidential administration settles in in the US, employment law could be an area in which to expect tremendous changes. While what the new president’s open and vocal support for protection of the domestic workforce will mean to employment laws may take some to fully unfold and unravel; a look at the evolution of the important employment laws and the changes taking place into them of late should serve as some kind of indication of what is to come.

One thing that is certain is that 2017 is going to be an uncertain year for employment law. Changes that could make a big difference to many organizations can be expected to be rolled out by the new administration. A fact of additional significance to employers is that there has been a steady increase in the number of employment lawsuits of late.

In 2016, enforcement actions by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) gave the agency a staggering amount of between $350 and $400 million in monetary damages. This has been the highest recovery ever from the time it was created in 1965. Not surprisingly, the number of claims filed by employees with this Commission has reached record levels in the last three years.

Lack of knowledge of the law is at the root of lawsuits

Most of these lawsuits are a result of the lack of understanding that employers have of workplace issues. Companies in which the managements are ignorant about these issues or choose to overlook them end up facing a host of issues such as:

o  Discrimination suits

o  Employee turnover

o  Unplanned expenses

o  Settlements

o  Litigation

o  Lawyer fees

o  Low morale on the part of employees

o  A bad beating to their image.

The means to avoiding such scenarios is for organizations to grasp the enormity of these actions. If they have to avoid litigation and other reputation-damaging actions; they need to be aware of the employment law regulations and be compliant with these. They also need to be clear in their understanding of what to expect from the new administration.

A session to help get thorough understanding of employment laws

It is to impart understanding of these topics that a GlobalCompliancePanel, a leading global name in the field of regulatory compliance trainings, will be organizing a two-day seminar. Vanessa G. Nelson, who is founder and President of award-winning Expert Human Resources, which she founded to help companies maintain employment law compliance, avoid workplace litigation, maximize human capital, create great teams, and reduce costs, will be the Director of this course.

To get complete understanding of all the crucial aspects of human resource law, the ways by which to comply with employment laws and regulations and the potential impact on employment law from the actions of the new administration; please register for this seminar by visiting Knowledge of employment laws is absolutely crucial for organizations .

A clear roadmap to advanced human resources and employment law

The essence of this seminar is the roadmap to advanced human resources and employment law that Vanessa will lay out for the participants. Given the factors described above; this understanding is critical, no matter what the size of the organization. The right grasp of employment laws and HR practices is essential if organizations have to become successful at their business. The Director of this seminar will simplify the complex nature and the huge number and variety of employment laws and the issues relating to them.

Participants will able to learn the ways of dealing with often muddling human resource situations and how to apply relevant employment laws correctly to avoid problems. A look at the cost of litigation will perhaps give some idea about the need for employers to remain compliant with the employment laws: Without lawyer fees, a lawsuit costs $165,000 on average. The cost of a case that goes to trial is exorbitant: It is in excess of a million dollars, and comes with the strong prospect of imprisonment for noncompliance with employment.

Reviving cerebrum foundational microorganisms may hold key to future MS medications

Scientists at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom found that expanding firmness in the maturing mind hinders the capacity of OPCs.

Researchers have figured out how to make more seasoned cerebrum undifferentiated organisms in rodents progressively young. The disclosure could prompt improved medications for maturing related illnesses that corrupt the mind and sensory system.

The examination concerns oligodendrocyte begetter cells (OPCs), which are a kind of foundational microorganism, or juvenile cell. OPCs are basic for the sound working of the cerebrum and the remainder of the focal sensory system.

OPCs develop, or separate, into oligodendrocytes, which are the phones that produce the myelin sheath that encompasses nerve filaments and jam the electrical sign that they convey.

Annihilation of myelin is a distinctive component of numerous sclerosis (MS), and maturing related changes to OPCs add to the procedure. Maturing can likewise decrease OPC work in sound people.

Scientists at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom found that expanding firmness in the maturing mind hinders the capacity of OPCs.

When they transplanted OPCs from more established rodents into the cerebrums of more youthful rodents, the matured OPCs started to capacity like energetic OPCs.

Stiffening of stem cell niche:

The team eventually established that the loss of function in the OPCs was a result of something happening in their microenvironment, or stem cell “niche.”

“Here we show,” write the authors in a recent Nature paper, “that the OPC microenvironment stiffens with age, and that this mechanical change is sufficient to cause age-related loss of function of OPCs.”

20150420-remyelination

It appears that the stem cell niche reflects the aging-related changes in the “chemical and mechanical signals” that it sends to the OPCs residing in it.

Once the transplanted aged OPCs sensed that they were in a more youthful, soft environment, they began to behave more like vigorous, younger OPCs.

To explore what was going on in more detail, the team ran some laboratory experiments with OPCs and “biological and synthetic scaffolds to mimic the stiffness of young brains.”

‘Molecularly and functionally rejuvenated’

The researchers observed that when they grew aged OPCs on soft material scaffolds, they started to behave more like youthful OPCs.

The aged OPCs were “molecularly and functionally rejuvenated” as a result of being on the softer material.

Conversely, placing young OPCs on scaffolds comprising stiffer material, caused them to behave like older ones.

“We were fascinated,” says co-senior study author Dr. Kevin J. Chalut, “to see that when we grew young, functioning brain stem cells on the stiff material, the cells became dysfunctional and lost their ability to regenerate, and in fact began to function like aged cells.”

Dr. Chalut works in the Department of Physics and the Stem Cell Institute at the University of Cambridge.

He observes, however, that the more interesting finding was seeing the old OPCs growing in the soft material, and how “they began to function like young cells — in other words, they were rejuvenated.”

“This suggests a new way forward to override the age-related loss of function in this important stem cell system,” he adds.

Read more at https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/326066.php

US. Customs Import Rules and Export Traps in 2020

You need to have a plan in place and know what you are doing.

FDA and the Customs and Border Patrol Service (CBP) have become increasingly sophisticated and equally demanding in the submission of import information and adherence to government procedures. Firms that fail to understand and properly execute an import and export program find their shipments delayed, detained or refused. As of December 2016, FDA and CBP officially implemented the Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) entry filing system. You either meet ACE requirements or face entry refusals and monetary penalties of up to $10,000 per offense. Other factors can derail the expectation of a seamless import entry process. The course covers detailed information about the roles and responsibilities of the various parties involved with an import operation and how to correct the weakest link(s) in the commercial chain. The course will include tips on how to understand FDA’s thinking, negotiate with the FDA and offer anecdotal examples of FDA’s import program curiosities.

Why you have to study:

What happens when your product is detained? FDA will begin a legal process that can become an expensive business debacle. You must respond fully within short timeframes. This is not the time for you to be on a learning curve. You need to have a plan in place and know what you are doing.

The FDA is steadily increasing the legal and prior notice information requirements. If you do not know what those requirements are and you initiate a shipment, your product is figuratively dead in the water. You must be accurate with the import coding information and understand the automated and human review process. If not, you can expect detained shipments. CBP is implemented a new “Automated Commercial Environment” computer program that changes import logistics and information reporting for FDA regulated products. Your shipment may be stopped before it is even loaded at the foreign port.

When products are refused, you have different options. Some options may cost more than others. For example, your product can be seized and destroyed by the government. You may be fined if you do not act in a timely manner. These are common problems that become prohibitively expensive. You should know how to avoid common problems or at least how to mitigate the cost by using established and effective business planning.

Learn how to deal with common problems, such as returns for repair, importing QC samples, and investigational products

On a positive note, the FDA is implementing the Voluntary Qualification Importer Program under the FDA Food Safety and Modernization Act. One other perk is that FDA offers export certificates, for a modest fee, which may give you a competitive advantage in foreign markets. In some cases, a FDA export certificate is required by foreign governments. Finally, the new EU Medical Device Regulation will change how FDA manages foreign inspections and in your favor.

About the Instructor:

Casper (Cap) Uldriks, owns Encore Insight LLC, which provides consulting services on FDA Law. He brings over 32 years of experience from the FDA. He specialized in the FDA’s medical device program as a field investigator, served as a senior manager in the Office of Compliance and as an Associate Center Director for the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. He developed enforcement actions and participated in the implementation of new statutory requirements. He is recognized as an exceptional and energetic speaker. His comments are candid, straightforward and of practical value. He understands how FDA thinks, operates and where it is headed.

Register here for full details

Worldwide Blockchain Technology in Energy Market is scheduled to develop quickly in the coming years

This report analyzes the worldbusiness in terms of its size, status, forecast, trends, competitive state of affairs, and business opportunities.

Market Research Vision, presents the Global Blockchain Technology in Energy Market research report that gives a close summary of major players, restraints, challenges, opportunities, current business trends and methodsimpacting the world market in conjunction with estimation and forecast of revenue. This report analyzes the worldbusiness in terms of its size, status, forecast, trends, competitive state of affairs, and business opportunities.

Blockchain technology offers the way for untrusted parties to succeed in agreement on a standard digital history.

The readers can realize this report terribly useful in understanding the Blockchain Technology in Energy market comprehensive. data} and therefore the information concerning the market ar taken from reliable sources likewebsites, annual reports of the businesses, journals, et al and were checked and valid by the business specialists. The facts and information ar depicted within the report victimisation diagrams, graphs, pie charts, and alternativepictorial representations. This enhances the visual illustration and conjointly helps in understanding the facts far better.

blockchain-trains-ai

“Blockchain Technology in Energy market research and Forecast 2019-2024” report helps the purchasers to require business choices and to know methods of major players within the business. The report conjointly entailsmarket- driven results explanation feasibleness studies for consumer desires. MarketResearchVision ensures qualified and verifiable aspects of market information operative within the real- time state of affairs. The analytical studies ar conducted making certain consumer desires with a radical understanding of market capacities within the real- time state of affairs. additionally, numerous market growth important factors like business surroundings, chop-chop increasing demand, and technological developments ar depicted during this study analysis.

Market Segmentation: world Blockchain Technology in Energy Market

– The market relies on sort, application, and geographical segments.
– supported sort, the market is divided into Public Blockchain, non-public Blockchain, syndicate Blockchain
– supported application, the market is divided into Electric Power, Petroleum, fossil fuel, Others.

A Systematic Approach to Implementing Statistical Methodologies

Focusing exclusively on qualification efforts without understanding the manufacturing process and associated variations may not lead to adequate assurance of quality.

In Guidance for Industry Process Validation: General Principle and Practices, process validation is defined as, “”…the collection and evaluation of data, from the process design stage through commercial production..” The guidance further delineates the ‘process design stage through commercial production’ into three distinct stages of the product lifecycle:

Stage 1: Process Design: The commercial manufacturing process is defined during this stage based on knowledge gained through development and scale-up activities.

Stage 2: Process Qualification: During this stage, the process design is evaluated to determine if the process is capable of reproducible commercial manufacturing.

Stage 3: Continued Process Verification: Ongoing assurance is gained during routine production that the process remains in a state of control.

The first stage of process validation is process design. The Process Validation guidance document states, “A successful validation program depends on information and knowledge from product and process development. This knowledge and understanding is the basis for establishing an approach to control of a manufacturing process that results in products with desired quality attributes:

Manufactures should:

  • Understand the sources of variation
  • Detect the presence and degree of variation
  • Understand the impact of variation on the process and ultimately on product attributes
  • Control the variation in a manner commensurate with the risk it represents to the process and product.”

The second stage of process validation is process qualification. Although stage 2 has two elements, this course will focus on recommendations for the second element, PPQ. PPQ “combines the actual facility, utilities, equipment (each now qualified), and the trained personnel with the commercial manufacturing process, control procedures, and components to produce commercial batches.” Additionally, the process validation guidance document that “Each manufacturer should judge whether it has gained sufficient understanding to provide a high degree of assurance in its manufacturing process to justify commercial distribution of the product. Focusing exclusively on qualification efforts without understanding the manufacturing process and associated variations may not lead to adequate assurance of quality.”

The third stage of process validation is continued process verification. The process validation guidance document defines the need for this stage: “After establishing and confirming the process, manufacturers must maintain the process in a state of control over the life of the process, even as materials, equipment, production environment, personnel, and manufacturing procedures change.” Manufacturers should use ongoing programs to collect and analyze product and process data to evaluate the state of control of the process. These programs may identify process or product problems or opportunities for process improvements that can be evaluated and implemented through some of the activities described in Stages 1 and 2.”

This course focuses on how to establish a systematic approach to implementing statistical methodologies into a process validation program consistent with the FDA guidance. It begins with a primer on statistics, focusing on methods that will be applied in each remaining chapter. Next, it teaches the application of statistics for setting specifications and assessing measurement systems (assays), two foundational requirements for process validation. Lastly, the course applies statistic through the three stages of process validation defined by requirements in the process validation regulatory guidance documents. Methods taught through all three stages are recommended by regulatory guidance documents; references to the specific citations in the guidance documents are provided.

Areas covered by the Instructor:

  • Apply statistics to set specifications and validate measurement systems (assays)
  • Develop appropriate sample plans based on confidence and power
  • Implement suitable statistical methods into a process validation program for each of the three stages
  • Stage 1, Process Design: utilize risk management tools to identify and prioritize potential critical process parameters; and define critical process parameters and operating spaces for the commercial manufacturing process using design of experiments (DOE)
  • Stage 2, Process Qualification: assess scale effects while incorporating large (pilot and/or commercial) scale data; develop process performance qualification (PPQ) acceptance criteria by characterizing intra and inter-batch variability using process design data and batch homogeneity studies; and develop an appropriate sampling plan for PPQ
  • Stage 3, Continued Process Verification: develop a control plan as part of a risk management strategy; collect and analyze product and process data; and ensure your process is in (statistical) control and capable.

Who will benefit by this:

  • Process Scientist/Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Product Development Engineer
  • Regulatory/Compliance Professional
  • Design Controls Engineer
  • Six Sigma Green Belt
  • Six Sigma Black Belt
  • Continuous Improvement Manager

Click and register for 2 day seminar

Project management critical tasks within each project phase

Army-wide training development contracts impacting virtually all of the active Army and changing the training paradigm throughout the military. 

It is not possible to present a complete treatment of project management in the span of 6-hours.  It is however, possible to focus in on those most important aspects of project management that are critical to the success of any project.  Without basic tools, it is not possible to effectively manage a project to the pre-determined end-date without turmoil and chaos.

We have distilled the key aspects of project management into three two-hour virtual seminar segments that will logically move participants from the beginning of the project management process to the end – from initiating the project to closing the project.

Project-Management

The seminar is designed to build a working understanding of the subject and for a quick start-up for those unanticipated project management assignments.

Who will be benefit by this:

  • Any member of a Cross Functional Project Team that has the Potential Opportunity to Lead that Project
  • Engineers
  • Marketing Associates
  • Product Managers
  • Program Managers
  • Contract Managers
  • Project Managers
  • Research & Development Associates, Managers, and Directors
  • Design Engineers
  • Manufacturing Managers

About the Inructor:

Charles H. Paul is the President of C. H. Paul Consulting, Inc. – a regulatory, manufacturing, training, and technical documentation consulting firm – celebrating its twentieth year in business in 2017. Charles has been a regulatory and management consultant and an Instructional Technologist for 30 years and has published numerous white papers on various regulatory and training subjects. The firm works with both domestic and international clients designing solutions for complex training and documentation issues.

He has held senior positions in consulting and in corporate training development prior to forming C. H. Paul Consulting, Inc.. He also worked for several years in government contracting managing the development of significant Army-wide training development contracts impacting virtually all of the active Army and changing the training paradigm throughout the military.

The Next Few Things To Immediately Do About Hipaa Training for Compliance Officer

It will also address major changes under the Omnibus Rule and any other applicable updates.

This 6-hour seminar will be addressing how practice/business managers (or compliance offers) need to get their HIPAA house in order before the imminent audits occur. It will also address major changes under the Omnibus Rule and any other applicable updates for 2018.

Areas also covered will be texting, email, encryption, medical messaging, voice data and risk factors as they relate to IT.
The primary goal is to ensure everyone is well educated on what is myth and what is reality with this law, there is so much misleading information regarding the do’s and don’ts with HIPAA -I want to add clarity for compliance officers and what you guys need to do and how to best implement your HIPAA program based on over 18 years of personal experience working with Federal auditors, state auditors, and corporate auditors.

We will go through multiple scenarios that are commonly faced by compliance officers and how to manage these situations
I will also speak to real life litigated cases I have worked where HIPAA is being used to justify state cases of negligence -THIS IS BECOMING A HUGE RISK!

In addition, this course will cover the highest risk factors for being sued as well as being audited (these two items tend to go hand in hand).

Why you need to know 

Do you have an affective HIPAA compliance program?  Do you know what needs to be done to satisfy the requirements?
New laws, funding, and enforcement mean increased risk for both business associates and covered entities – 2017 was a record year for enforcement and fines – 2018 will be no different.

HIPAA Omnibus – Do you know what’s involved and what you need to do?

What does Omnibus mean for covered entities and business associates?

Why should you be concerned?

Court cases that are changing the landscape of HIPAA and patient’s ability to sue!

TRIAL ATTORNEYS ARE MORE DANGEROUS THAN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT!!

It is important to understand the new changes going on at Health and Human Services as it relates to enforcement of HIPAA for both covered entities and business associates.  You need to know how to avoid being low hanging fruit in terms of audit risk as well as being sued by individuals who have had their PHI wrongfully discloses due to bad IT or internal administrative practices.

About the Intructor 

Brian L Tuttle, CPHIT, CHP, CBRA, Net+, A+, CCNA, MCP is a Certified Professional in Health IT (CPHIT), Certified HIPAA Professional (CHP), Certified Business Resilience Auditor (CBRA) with over 15 years’ experience in Health IT and Compliance Consulting. Mr. Tuttle has worked all of those 15 years with MAG Mutual Healthcare Solutions and is now Senior Compliance Consultant and IT Manager with InGauge Healthcare Solutions (previously named MAG Mutual Healthcare Solutions). Almost all of Brian’s clients are earned by referral with little or no advertising. Brian is well known and highly regarded in medical circles throughout the United States .

For more to continue reading

Medical Device Recalls: How to Properly, Compliantly and Promptly Deal with a Recall

It will be beneficial to all device manufacturers and is recommended for any individuals or teams that are involved in post marketing of medical devices. 

The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) authorizes FDA to order recalls of medical devices, under certain circumstances (e.g., situations involving serious and immediate hazards to health) and controls.  With very few exceptions, device recalls by companies are voluntary.

There are three regulations promulgated by FDA that define their authority and the requirements applicable to device manufacturers and importers for the correction or removal-collectively known as recall-of medical devices; the requirements for these regulations are outlined in 21 CFR §7, 21 CFR §806, and 21 CFR §810. Each of these regulations is presented in detail in the following pages. Compliance with these three regulations also touches upon other regulations administered by FDA.

Failure to properly report events and take corrective and removal actions can cause costly problems for a manufacturer and can be life threating for consumer. The number of device companies having their recall classified as a Class 1 (most severe) has surged in the past three years.  We will take the time to interact though the day to navigate all aspect of the recall process

This course will provide understanding recall compliance and the interrelationship on Complaint Handling, CAPA, and Risk Management processes. It will be beneficial to all device manufacturers and is recommended for any individuals or teams that are involved in post marketing of medical devices.

Join Rita Hoffman, RAC an expert in the field of Post-Market Compliance.  Not only will you learn from her over her 40 years in both FDA as a Compliance Officer and Ombudsman, learning from her stories of what not to do, but you will take back a desktop manual on Post-Market reference guide.

Areas covered by the Instructor:

Determine what actions are taken in a medical device recall

  • Cite the regulatory requirements for recalls/ field actions regarding medical devices
  • Reference and use medical device recall authority and guidance documents
  • Identify and understand the applicable regulatory standards and guidance documents
  • Identify the different recall types and classifications
  • Explain what types of communications are required
  • Define what effectiveness checks are
  • Outline the steps required to terminate a recall and what regulatory reports and records are required for a device recall
  • Understand how to comply with complicated Compliant Handling, MDR and Recall requirements
  • Firms MDR reporting and FDA’s handling of MDR reports
  • Company preparation in the event of a Recall, recall strategy, notification letter and communicating with the FDA
  • Minimize your risk of regulatory enforcement actions
  • Understand the relationship and interaction with other quality system elements as they relate to complaints and reportable events
  • Walk-through of case examples
  • Discussion of FDA’s New Guidance’s on Risk and how it interacts with Recalls