Drug Development Process – From Discovery to Marketing

Drug Development Process - From Discovery to Marketing


This webinar will provide a clinical and regulatory perspectives on requirements to take a new drug from research to market.

We will begin by reviewing the contents of an Investigational New Drug (IND) application, and then follow the process of an IND submission. Next, the contents and approval process of an NDA submission will be discussed. This seminar will also provide a foundation for those who require an understanding of the FDA new drug approval process, and familiarize the attendees with the regulatory landscape in which INDs and NDAs are developed and approved.

Areas Covered in the Session:

  • High level overview of the FDA approval process for a new drug
  • What is an IND? Identify the key contents of an IND
  • What is an NDA? Identify the contents of an NDA
  • The FDA IND and NDA review process
  • Discovery stage
  • Preclinical Testing
  • IND Application
  • Clinical Trials
  • Phases I to IV
  • NDA
  • High-level description of medical device process

Who Will Benefit:

  • CRAs
  • CRCs
  • Nurses
  • Clinical Trials Associates
  • Regulatory Affairs

Speaker Profile

Fatuga is a social-entrepreneur who is actively engaged in three primary roles/companies: (a) founder/president of Caligeo Clinical OneVision; (b) founder/CEO of Caligeo Clinical CRO; and (c) founder/Executive Director of Atlanta Premier SMO. His professional passion lies in promoting clinical trial opportunities in emerging markets (especially in Africa, the Caribbean, East Asia, and Latin America) and among under-represented population (in the USA). He recently completed his MBA degree from Emory University/Goizueta Business School with a focus on Entrepreneurial ship/Organizational Behavior & Management. He received his M.Sc. in Drug Regulatory Affairs and Health Policies from Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and BS degree in Neuroscience from Brown University. He has more than 15 years of experience in the clinical research industry. Fatuga began his clinical research career as a study coordinator at Brown University. Since then, he has had leadership opportunities as Clinical Team Manager, Project Lead, QA/QC Manager, Lead CRA, CRA Consultant, Medical Research Associate, and CRA Specialist in a variety of companies such as central imaging facility, Contract Research Organizations (CROs), biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Fatuga is currently certified as a Project Management Professional (PMP) and a Clinical Research Associate (CCRA). He is an active member of the International GCP Training Advisory Board for the Association of Good Clinical Practices in Nigeria (AGCPN) and also a member of Nigerian Association of Pharmacist and Pharmaceutical Scientists in the Americas (NAPPSA). Fatuga is also a member of the International Committee/Leadership Team of the National Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Association (NBPA) which is a US based organization functioning in collaborative efforts to discuss challenges and opportunities of conducting clinical trials with diverse communities as well as addressing the disparity issues in the clinical trial industry.

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Orphan Drugs in the USA

Orphan drugs are drugs that are exclusively developed and used for treating rare diseases. Orphan drugs are not researched and developed for widespread use, since by their nature, they are meant only for rare diseases. Since by definition, a rare disease is not likely to have too many patients; orphan drugs are limited in their research, development and eventually, the market.

Situation governing orphan drugs in the USA

Different countries and markets have their own rules for how orphan drugs are developed and marketed. Orphan drugs in the USA have rules designated as to their application. Three major aspects mark out the rules relating to orphan drugs in the USA:


Liberal rules for clinical research

One, there are sufficient leniencies relating to the conduct of the clinical research for the orphan drugs in the USA. The requirement that non- orphan drugs in the USA need to make in relation to sample size does not apply to orphan drugs in the USA. This is natural, considering that fixing a sample size for the clinical research makes no sense, since in many cases, the full number of people suffering from the rare disease, that is, the people for whom the drug is being developed, could be quite nominal. In such instances, it will not be possible for the study to gather a big sample trial size.

Stresses the role of governments

Secondly, research and development of orphan drugs in the USA requires the intervention of the government, not-for-profit organizations that fund such activities, and philanthropy for support. In the case of non-orphan drugs in the USA; there are sufficient incentives for full-scale development and monetization. This is not so in the case of orphan drugs, since as noted, the population needing the drug could be miniscule.

Unencumbered approval process

As an offshoot of these two factors, the FDA has made the approval process of orphan drugs in the USA extremely easy and simple. Again, this is also based on the same logic that governs the entire nature of orphan drugs in the USA: their need in people who do not belong to the general population. To bring about incentives for orphan drugs in the USA; the federal government has passed The Orphan Drug Act.

The Orphan Drug Act

As a means to concretize the role of orphan drugs in the USA; the US administration passed the Orphan Drug Act in 1983. Aimed at encouraging firms to take up development of drugs for products with a very limited market, the Orphan Drug Act has the following features:

  • It makes manufacturers of orphan drugs eligible for incentives such as a seven-year exclusivity
  • It offers tax rebates of up to half of all their costs spent on research and development, and several other tax incentives for clinical trials of orphan drugs in the USA.

Read More:https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/orphan-drugs-usa-ronald-gardner