Drug Development Process – From Discovery to Marketing

Drug Development Process - From Discovery to Marketing

Overview:

This webinar will provide a clinical and regulatory perspectives on requirements to take a new drug from research to market.

We will begin by reviewing the contents of an Investigational New Drug (IND) application, and then follow the process of an IND submission. Next, the contents and approval process of an NDA submission will be discussed. This seminar will also provide a foundation for those who require an understanding of the FDA new drug approval process, and familiarize the attendees with the regulatory landscape in which INDs and NDAs are developed and approved.

Areas Covered in the Session:

  • High level overview of the FDA approval process for a new drug
  • What is an IND? Identify the key contents of an IND
  • What is an NDA? Identify the contents of an NDA
  • The FDA IND and NDA review process
  • Discovery stage
  • Preclinical Testing
  • IND Application
  • Clinical Trials
  • Phases I to IV
  • NDA
  • High-level description of medical device process

Who Will Benefit:

  • CRAs
  • CRCs
  • Nurses
  • Clinical Trials Associates
  • Regulatory Affairs

Speaker Profile

Fatuga is a social-entrepreneur who is actively engaged in three primary roles/companies: (a) founder/president of Caligeo Clinical OneVision; (b) founder/CEO of Caligeo Clinical CRO; and (c) founder/Executive Director of Atlanta Premier SMO. His professional passion lies in promoting clinical trial opportunities in emerging markets (especially in Africa, the Caribbean, East Asia, and Latin America) and among under-represented population (in the USA). He recently completed his MBA degree from Emory University/Goizueta Business School with a focus on Entrepreneurial ship/Organizational Behavior & Management. He received his M.Sc. in Drug Regulatory Affairs and Health Policies from Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences and BS degree in Neuroscience from Brown University. He has more than 15 years of experience in the clinical research industry. Fatuga began his clinical research career as a study coordinator at Brown University. Since then, he has had leadership opportunities as Clinical Team Manager, Project Lead, QA/QC Manager, Lead CRA, CRA Consultant, Medical Research Associate, and CRA Specialist in a variety of companies such as central imaging facility, Contract Research Organizations (CROs), biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Fatuga is currently certified as a Project Management Professional (PMP) and a Clinical Research Associate (CCRA). He is an active member of the International GCP Training Advisory Board for the Association of Good Clinical Practices in Nigeria (AGCPN) and also a member of Nigerian Association of Pharmacist and Pharmaceutical Scientists in the Americas (NAPPSA). Fatuga is also a member of the International Committee/Leadership Team of the National Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Association (NBPA) which is a US based organization functioning in collaborative efforts to discuss challenges and opportunities of conducting clinical trials with diverse communities as well as addressing the disparity issues in the clinical trial industry.

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Rule relating to orphan drugs in Japan

Orphan drugs are those that are developed purely to treat rare diseases. The nature of orphan drugs is a little piquant: on the one hand, rare diseases affect very few people, but these cannot be ignored. On the other hand, orphan drugs, since they are so few in number, are not taken up usually by profit-driven organizations because they offer very less scope for large-scale production and monetization.

Different countries such as the US and Japan, and blocs such as the European Union have their own unique rules regarding orphan drugs. Rules relating to orphan drugs in Japan too, have their unique and salient features.

A look at the uniqueness of rules relating to orphan drugs in Japan

Orphan drugs in Japan are governed by five incentives:

  • Subsidies
  • Consultation
  • Tax preferences
  • Priority review
  • Reexamination period review

Briefly, this is how each of these is carried out in practice:

Subsidies:The Japanese government has a fund of close to a billion yen that is used to subsidize orphan drug applicants. This grant, given through the National Institute of Biomedical Innovation (NIBIO), is aimed at helping manufacturers to ease the costs associated with development of orphan drugs in Japan.

Consultation:Under this system, the Japanese government offers priorities for manufacturers of orphan drugs in Japan. Called the Priority Consultation System; this process is offered in two ways:

One, when a sponsor of orphan drugs in Japan approaches the PMDA; the application is never rejected. Clinical data is discussed with each sponsor, at which all the aspects of orphan drugs in Japan are considered. Areas taken up for discussion include the number of patients, the intensity of the disease, the integrity and safety of the data, and so on.

Two, the fee category is also considerably lower for orphan drugs in Japan, with these manufacturers given about 25 percent discount. An application made for developing orphan drugs in Japan is put for consolation with a team of Technical Experts, who are selected from the Office of New Drug Review team, the Office of Cellular and Tissue-based Products Review team, and the Office of Medical Devices Review team. In addition, fee categories are drastically lower for orphan drugs in Japan when they are being developed by small companies or research institutes. These categories have a whopping 90 percent discount.

Tax incentive: Manufacturers involved in developing and manufacturing orphan drugs in Japan are given a 12 percent reduction as tax credits for expenses incurred during the NIBIO subsidy payment period.

Priority review:Manufacturers of orphan drugs in Japan are offered a priority review by the PMDA. While the median standard review time is one year for non-orphan drugs, that for orphan drugs in Japan is nine months.

Reexamination period review: The Reexamination period review for orphan drugs in Japan is also relaxed. It is fixed at eight years for orphan drugs in Japan, while this period is ten years for non-orphan drugs in Japan.

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