The adverse event reporting system is an important highlight of the FDA’s adverse event reporting requirements. This is the mechanism through which adverse event reporting requirements are listed out for the FDA to take further action.
The adverse event reporting system may be understood as being a database that aids and supplements the FDA’s postmarketing surveillance program for all its approved products that fall in the category of therapeutic biologics and drugs. So, this database has a record of the adverse event reporting done by all individual and sponsors of their clinical trials. It is a catalog of all the error reports that get generated at various times and stages of the clinical research program.
Voluntary in nature
The outstanding aspect of the FDA’s adverse event reporting requirements is that these reporting requirements are not mandatory. Yet, those involved in clinical research, such as sponsors, healthcare and pharmaceutical organizations, institutions and individuals strictly adhere to adverse event reporting requirements in order to steer clear of legal entanglements that could come their way in the future, and to help other players keep track of all adverse events.
Some of the core adverse event reporting requirements
Applicants should electronically submit all Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) for human drug and nonvaccine biologic products in xml format. Among the adverse event reporting requirements, this has been in place from 2000.
All applicants should submit all ICSRs, ICSR attachments, and periodic safety reports electronically. They can do this using either of these options:
- Database-to-database transmission (“E2B”)
- The Safety Reporting Portal (SRP) by manually entering the data via our SRP portal.
The E2B method specifies that the files should be in xml format, and the attachments in pdf.
The Safety Reporting Portal (SRP) is meant for those applicants that do not have the database-to-database capability. To fulfill this among the FDA’s adverse event reporting requirements, the applicant needs to have an account with which to access the portal site. FDA’s adverse event reporting requirements state modes and criteria that applicants have to meet to request an SRP account, to activate the account, to add attachments, and for submitting Periodic Safety Reports (PSR).